Joint Injuries: Sprains and Dislocations
1. Evaluate the symptoms of strains versus sprains along with range of motion, stability, bone alignment, soft tissue swelling, palpable warmth or mass(es), pain or tenderness and crepitation.
2. Apply appropriate treatment strategies such as casting, splinting, joint injection/ aspiration, dislocation reduction and/or emergency stabilization.
3. Assess dislocations and apply appropriate treatment strategies or refer patients for specialty attention to restore the bones and joint to normal functioning.
4. Develop collaborative care plans for patients with sprains, strains or dislocations, emphasizing current evidence-based recommendations for pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapy.
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Mark A Graber, MD, MSHCE, FACEP, Professor of Emergency and Family Medicine, University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine, Solon, Iowa
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